I feel that the recent laws and somewhat imposed attitude towards non-discrimination do not create the intended equality, but simply create a different discrimination (or favoritism in this case).
For the last few years I have heard more and more concern (initial as ideas and then implemented as law) about discrimination. After all, democracy and freedom do not go well with a society where people are not seen as equal. And I truly believe that job interviews should not take into consideration the sex of the candidate, our attitude to other people should not be based on their skin color and social classes should be respectful of one another (I’m sure there are some jobs where only men/women are hired, for some very good reasons, but I’m not talking about those exceptions here).
If you think about it, many educated people do understand this and they treat others with respect and don’t take into account the above mentioned (sex, skin colour etc.). Unfortunately, this is not always the case for the majority. And perhaps this is why it’s considered that we need laws to stop discrimination.
And I believe that we risk achieving another kind of discrimination, and in isolated cases we might get to allow abuses of the opposite kind. I will give a few examples to make this point clear. And employer who treats white and black people differently should be punished in some way by law. And if he decides that an employee is not doing his job and has good reason to fire him, so he should. But he should not be found guilty of discrimination simply because he fired a black worker (I have heard talks of such things, but I am not a legal expert and can’t say if there have been cases of this). He should have good reasons for firing somebody and shouldn’t be afraid to do so if that employer happens to be black. It’s a good thing to see women taking part in politics, however I heard a politician saying that in a certain number of years they should ensure a minimum of a certain percentage of women in politics (I believe it was around 30%).
Well, equal chances means that from the people who want to do a certain job, you select the ones with the best abilities to do it. So if few women show up to an interview and only a few are well prepared candidates, if the employer has a target of hiring at least, say, 40% women employees for the open jobs, he will not give the candidates equal chances. If most of those few women candidates were the best candidates present for the job, equal chances would probably lead to hiring mostly women.
That is why I believe equal chances means treating others correctly, and according to their merits, which in some cases leads to many women in a field, but in another case can lead to mostly men being hired for the same type of job. Both white and black people can be good professionals, and they can both make mistakes (just like Europeans, Americans, Africans, Chinese, etc.). Trying to stop discrimination by law is difficult, and if understood or applied incorrectly it can lead to a discrimination of the opposite type: some employers might be afraid to demote an employer from a certain minority, or people might be afraid to take attitude in some cases simply because they would take attitude against something done by somebody from a minority. This would by no means help friendly relations between people with different religion, skin color, nationality etc. And, unfortunately, it seems that discrimination is in many cases understood in a bad way: if you have something against a person from a minority, you will be regarded by many as a bad and discriminant person, regardless of wheter you had good reasons for your attitude or not.